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Understanding HIV treatments

Having a good level of treatments literacy is a key to living successfully with HIV. Issues such as different drug classesA group of anti-HIV drugs with the same target of action. Anti-HIV drug classes include nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors, protease inhibitors and non-nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors, as well as several others. Combining drugs from three or more classes is the basis of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART)., resistanceHIV which has mutated and is less susceptible to the effects of one or more anti-HIV drugs is said to be resistant., adherance and side effects are covered below.

What this resource does not do

From • 6 August 2009

This resource is primarily concerned with HIV antiviralA medication or substance which is active against one or more virusesA small infective organism which is incapable of reproducing outside a host cell.. May include anti-HIV drugs, but these are more accurately termed antiretroviralsA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV.. treatments, viral loadA measurement of the quantity of HIV RNA in the blood. Viral load blood test results are expressed as the number of copies (of HIV) per milliliter of blood plasma. tests and CD4 (T-cell; also called CD4 lymphocyte) tests. It is designed to update the previous edition of this popular resource with the current state of knowledge in 2008. The resource is deliberately limited in its scope, and you are likely to find it does not answer all your questions about treating and managing HIV. read more »

Types of hormonal contraception

From Treat Yourself Right • 19 June 2009

An overview of different types of hormonal contraception and considerations if you are also on ARVA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV.read more »

ARV, hormonal contraception and the risk of unplanned pregnancy

From Treat Yourself Right • 19 June 2009

It is difficult to say how great the risk of unplanned pregnancy is when taking ARVA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV. that interacts with hormonal contraception. read more »

Salvage therapy

From Treat Yourself Right • 11 June 2009

Salvage[salvage therapy] A treatment strategy for managing HIV in people who have developed resistance to existing therapies. therapy is the term used for treatment regimens designed for people who have experienced detectable viral loadA measurement of the quantity of HIV RNA in the blood. Viral load blood test results are expressed as the number of copies (of HIV) per milliliter of blood plasma. on different treatment combinations due to drug resistantHIV which has mutated and is less susceptible to the effects of one or more anti-HIV drugs is said to be resistant. HIV. read more »

Changing therapy

From Treat Yourself Right • 11 June 2009

No-one should have to live with unbearable side effects. When changing drugs, it is important that you switch to a regimen that still maintains antiviralA medication or substance which is active against one or more virusesA small infective organism which is incapable of reproducing outside a host cell.. May include anti-HIV drugs, but these are more accurately termed antiretroviralsA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV.. potency. read more »

What's Your Problem?

Positive Living article • Dr Louise Owen • 5 June 2009

Doctor Louise Owen answers readers’ questions. This month: starting antiretroviralA medication or other substance which is active against retroviruses such as HIV. treatment and lipodystrophy. read more »

New non-nuke approved

Positive Living article • Adrian Ogier • 5 June 2009
Treating HIV

A new Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase InhibitorA type of anti-HIV drug which works by interfering with an enzyme, reverse transcriptase, that HIV needs to reproduce. – etravirine – will be listed on the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme[Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme] The federal government program which subsidises medication costs in Australia. Anti-HIV drugs are part of a special part of the PBS called Section 100 (S100) which is used for expensive, highly specialised drugs. (PBS) from July 1. read more »

New trial to determine if better to start treatment earlier

Positive Living article • Adrian Ogier • 5 June 2009
Defeating HIV

An international trial that has just started enrollingThe act of signing up participants into a study. Generally this process involves evaluating a participant with respect to the eligibility criteria of the study and going through the informed consentThe process of learning the key facts about a clinical trial before deciding whether or not to participate. It is also a continuing process throughout the study to provide information for participants. To help someone decide whether or not to participate, the doctors and nurses involved in the trial explain the details of the study. process. in Australia aims to determine whether it is better to start treatment earlier, when T-cell counts are above 500, or when they drop to 350 as per the current recommendations. read more »

What’s your problem?

Positive Living article • Dr Louise Owen • 13 March 2009

Doctor Louise Owen answers readers’ questions. This month: preventing resistanceHIV which has mutated and is less susceptible to the effects of one or more anti-HIV drugs is said to be resistantHIV which has mutated and is less susceptible to the effects of one or more anti-HIV drugs is said to be resistant.. and hepatitis vaccinations. read more »

Treatment news from CROI

Positive Living article • John Daye • 13 March 2009

John Daye reports on treatments developments from the 16th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Montréal, Canada. read more »

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