Recently diagnosed with HIV? Click here

Symptoms, illnesses and opportunistic infections

With better HIV treatments, most people living with HIV these days experience fewer serious illnesses and opportunistic infections than they might have some years ago, but opportunistic conditions still occur in people with impaired immune systems, and side effects and long-term toxicities have emerged as a major concern. This section of the website has information on these topics.

Mental Health

HIV brings changes to our lives and it challenges us, but it’s a virusA small infective organism which is incapable of reproducing outside a host cell.; it is not who we are. There are many things you can do to help manage these challenges. Talking to a counsellor can help or there are organisations that offer courses to help you develop coping skills, including on-line courses. read more »

Blood Sugar, Insulin Resistance and Diabetes

Normally blood glucose is distributed to your body’s tissues under the control of insulin. Glucose is then used as ‘fuel’ to meet the energy required by your body. In some cases, this process is disturbed and more insulin is needed for the tissues to take up glucose from the blood. read more »

Liver Health

The liverA large organ, located in the upper right abdomen, which assists in digestion by metabolising carbohydrates, fats and proteins, stores vitamins and minerals, produces amino acids, bile and cholesterolAn essential component of cell membranes and nerve fibre insulation, cholesterol is important for the metabolism and transport of fatty acids and the production of hormones and Vitamin D. Cholesterol is manufactured by the liver, and is also present in certain foods. High blood cholesterol levels have been linked to heart disease and may be a side effect of some anti-HIV medications., and removes toxins from the blood. is one of the most important and largest organs in your body. It has been described as the body’s ‘chemical processing plant’. It plays a key role in food metabolism and digestion, in producing immune system proteins and importantly for people with HIV, in the breaking down of prescription and other drugs, and alcohol. read more »

Changes to Bones

Loss of bone mineral density (osteopenia), which can lead to more fragile and brittle bones (osteoporosis) is a common condition associated with ageing. Osteoporosis is most common in post-menopausal women.

People with HIV may be at increased risk for osteopenia and osteoporosis because: read more »

  • the lifestyle risk factors are more prevalent amongst people with HIV

Body Shape Changes

Historically, HIV disease has been associated with changes to body shape. read more »

Cancer Screening

People with untreated HIV can be at higher risk of a wide range of infection-related cancer types. The ageing of the population with HIV means that even in treated patients, cancer may soon become one of the leading causes of morbidity (illness) and mortality (death) in people with HIV. read more »

Cardiovascular Health

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a group of diseases and illnesses of the heart and blood vessels and includes: read more »

  • coronary arteryOne of the two arteries that supply the heart with oxygenated blood. disease (narrowing of the arteries that supply blood to the heart, which can lead to chest pain [anginatemporary chest pain or a sensation of pressure due to a lack of oxygen supply to the heart. Also called angina pectoris.] or heart attacks)
  • cerebrovascular disease (strokes and other problems with blood vessels in the brain)

Medical Challenges of HIV

This chapter covers some of the health related issues faced by people with HIV as they grow older. It features what some people have done to make a real difference in their lives. read more »

'beyondblue' study at NCHSR

Story • Dr Christy Newman • 1 April 2010
living with HIV

The National Centre in HIV Social Research at The University of New South Wales recently completed a three‐year study called the Primary Health Care Project on HIV and Depression. read more »

Fosamprenavir linked to heart problems

Positive Living article • Adrian Ogier • 4 March 2010
Treating HIV

In December, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) issued a letter alerting clinicians to the potential association between use of their protease inhibitor fosamprenavir (Telzir) and dyslipidemia (abnormal blood fatA fat. levels) and myocardial infarction (heart attackA life-threatening emergency in which the blood supply to the heart is suddenly cut off, causing the heart muscle (myocardium) to die from lack of oxygen.). read more »

Syndicate content
Text size: font smallerfont normalfont larger

Stay in touch

NAPWHA's email newsletters provide regular info about issues affecting people with HIV and the response to HIV in Australia. Click here to subscribe.

Subscribe to Positive Living

Our free quarterly newsmagazine, Positive Living provides authoritative, independent information about living with HIV and HIV treatments. Click here to subscribe.

RSS feeds

Our website has RSS feeds covering all topic areas — just go to the topic area you're interested in and click the RSS feed icon.

Twitter users can stay up-to-date with NAPWHA's work and be alerted to new content on the website by following @napwa.

Join us on Facebook NAPWHA Facebook.

Find out more at LinkedIn

Find out more about NAPWHA at LinkedInNAPWHA at LinkedIn.