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The global HIV epidemic

The global HIV pandemic remains one of the greatest challenges of our age and has been called the greatest health crisis in human history. Australia's success in responding to HIV — involving people living with HIV and the affected communities — remains a model of best practice in health promotion.

PREParing the facts

Story • Kirsty Machon • 11 October 2005
The global HIV epidemic

Kirsty Machon questions the misinformation, controversy and conspiracy theories which put an end to the proposed PREP trials among sex workers in Cambodia and Cameroon. read more »

News and treatments briefs

Positive Living article • Paul Kidd • 28 July 2005
symptoms, illnesses and opportunistic infections

HIV-related news in brief from the June-July 2005 edition of Positive Livingread more »

There is hope

Positive Living article • Paul Kidd • 24 March 2005

With Australia’s nearest neighbour, Papua New Guinea, facing the possibility of a catastrophic HIV epidemic, Australian AIDS activists are working with local positive people to ensure their voices are heard. read more »

Lukautim HIV

Positive Living article • Gabe McCarthy • 24 March 2005

Arriving in Port Moresby, you are immediately reminded that HIV in PNGPapua New Guinea is very different to Australia. Large billboards proclaim Lukautim HIV ("watch out for HIV") and the radio on the short drive to the hotel played ads about HIV. read more »

Baby on board

Positive Living article • Susan Paxton • 15 October 2004

Studies evaluating the cost-effectiveness(Of a drug or treatment). The maximum ability of a drug or treatment to produce a result regardless of dosage. A drug passes efficacy trials if it is effective at the dose tested and against the illness for which it is prescribed. In the standard procedure, Phase IIA smaller clinical trial designed to establish whether a drug is effective. Phase II studies are conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the drug for a particular indication or indications in patients with the disease or condition under study and to determine the common short-term side effects and risks. If there is evidence that the drug is effective, a Phase III study is undertaken, with a larger number of participaants, to confirm this. clinical trials gauge efficacy, and Phase IIIA large clinical trial designed to establish whether a drug is effective and safe enough for widespread use. Phase III studies include expanded controlled and uncontrolled trials after preliminary evidence suggesting effectiveness of the drug has been obtained, and are intended to gather additional information to evaluate the overall benefit-risk relationship of the drug and provide and adequate basis for physician labeling. trials confirm it. of antenatal HIV testing in Australia, published earlier this year, have reignited the debate about routine testing of pregnant women. But the experience of women in neighbouring countries shows that the woman’s privacy and confidentiality needs to be respected first. read more »

Pacific leaders adopt HIV strategy

Positive Living article • Paul Kidd • 15 August 2004
The global HIV epidemic

HIV incidence at neonatal clinics in Papua New Guinea have reached levels similar to those seen in South Africa a decade ago, the 35th Pacific Forum was told in early August. read more »

Cambodian PREP trial halted

Positive Living article • Paul Kidd • 15 August 2004
The global HIV epidemic

A controversial Cambodian trial of tenofovir for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PREP) is unlikely to proceed after sex workers and the Cambodian government claimed the trial did not include adequate safeguards for the health and human rights of the participants. read more »

Encouraging signs

Positive Living article • John Rock • 15 August 2004

After the last International AIDS Conference, held in Barcelona in 2002, I felt profoundly depressed. It just seemed to me that globally a very small amount of progress had been made in a fight against a problem that had got much worse. Furthermore there was little I could point to that suggested things were really going to change. read more »

Action works

Story • Robert Baldwin • 15 August 2004

Ten years after their foundation, regional HIV organisations continue to demonstrate the power of grassroots action by positive people, says ROBERT BALDWIN. read more »

Australia joins the Global Fund

Positive Living article • Paul Kidd • 15 February 2004
The global HIV epidemic

Australia will contribute $25 million, over the next three years, to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria, the foreign minister, Alexander Downer, announced on 18 February. read more »

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